For Professional, Safe and Effective Pest Control Services

For Professional, Safe and Effective 

Pest Control Services

rat disease

Bites and scratches from rats can be extremely dangerous, resulting often in rat-bite fever or other diseases.

Bites and scratches aren’t the only way that you could contract a disease from rats. Contact or accidental ingestion of their scat or urine can be equally dangerous. Exposure to rat urine, or scat, can result in leptospirosis which will lead to serious damage to the liver and kidneys. Complications of leptospirosis include renal and liver failure, as well as cardiovascular problems.

Lymphocytic choriomeningitis (LCMV)
Lymphocytic choriomeningitis (LCMV) is a viral infectious disease which is transmitted through the saliva and urine of rats. Symptoms normally begin to show within 8 - 13 days. This is the initial phase of the infection. During this phase victims may experience: fever, malaise, lack of appetite, muscle aches, headache, nausea, and vomiting. Other symptoms appearing less frequently include sore throat, cough, joint pain, chest pain, testicular pain, and parotid (salivary gland)pain.

If left untreated, a second phase of illness may occur. Symptoms may consist of meningitis (fever, headache, stiff neck, etc.), encephalitis (drowsiness, confusion, sensory disturbances, and/or motor abnormalities, such as paralysis), or meningoencephalitis (inflammation of both the brain and meninges). LCMV has also been known to cause acute hydrocephalus (increased fluid on the brain), which often requires surgical shunting to relieve increased intracranial pressure. In rare instances, infection results in myelitis (inflammation of the spinal cord) and presents with symptoms such as muscle weakness, paralysis, or changes in body sensation.

Women who become infected with LCMV during pregnancy may pass the infection on to the fetus. Infections occurring during the first trimester may result in fetal death and pregnancy termination, while in the second and third trimesters, birth defects can develop. Infants infected In utero can have many serious and permanent birth defects, including vision problems, mental retardation, and hydrocephaly (water on the brain). Pregnant women may recall a flu-like illness during pregnancy, or may not recall any illness. LCM is usually not fatal. In general, mortality is less than 1%.

Murine Typhus (caused by infection with Rickettsia typhi)
Murine Typhus occurs worldwide and is transmitted to humans by rat fleas. Flea-infested rats can be found throughout the year in humid tropical environments, but in temperate regions are most common during the warm summer months. Travelers who visit in rat-infested buildings and homes, especially in harbour or riverine environments, can be at risk for exposure to the agent of murine typhus.

Rat-Bite Fever (RBF)
Rat-Bite Fever is a systemic bacterial illness caused by Streptobacillus moniliformis that can be acquired through the bite or scratch of a rodent or the ingestion of food or water contaminated with rat faeces. These are only a few of the many diseases potentially carried be rodents.

Trust XPest to eradicate your rat problem
Let XPest Control Services rat-proof your home, and show those pesky critters who is boss. Contact us today for your free pest control quote. We will email you a quote if you are enquiring about pest control for a business premises, but we can provide quotes over the phone if you are enquiring about a personal residence pest problem.